total variable cost formula

Specifically, you need to distinguish between fixed and variable costs, as the second will always increase the more you produce. Also known as “indirect costs” or “overhead costs,” fixed costs are the critical expenses that keep your business afloat. These expenses can’t be changed in the short-term, so if you’re looking for ways to make your business more profitable quickly, you should look elsewhere.

total variable cost formula

If the total variable expenses incurred were $100,000, the variable cost per unit is $100.00 per hour. For example, raw materials may cost $0.50 per pound for the first 1,000 pounds. However, orders of greater than 1,000 pounds of raw material are charged $0.48.

How To Calculate Average Variable Cost?

They play a role in several bookkeeping tasks, and both your total variable cost and average variable cost are calculated separately. The number of units produced is exactly what you might expect — it’s the total number of items produced by your company. So in our knife example above,if you’ve made and sold 100 knife sets your total number of units produced is 100, each of which carries a $200 variable cost and a $100 potential profit. Firstly, it enables you to know the variable costs of your company, which might be fixed but play an important part in your manufacturing procedures. In addition to that, when you can be aware of the variable costs, then it will help you cut down on the costs that needed to be cut in your production. First, if you have someone purchased 10 knife sets for a total of 300 dollars, meanwhile, there are 100 dollars in the revenue budget that sent to craft the next 10 knife sets.

total variable cost formula

Your total variable cost is equal to the number of units produced multiplied by the variable cost per unit. The average variable cost can be considered as the total variable cost per unit of output. If you divide the total variable cost by the total output produced, then you receive the average variable cost (AVC).

Total Variable Cost vs. Average Variable Cost

For example, there are some handy formulas every business owner should know to figure out monthly revenue and expenses. Throughout the manufacturing process, certain items are typically Restaurant Accounting: A Step by Step Guide classified as variable costs. To illustrate these examples of variable costs, let’s consider the manufacturing and distribution processes of a prominent athletic apparel producer.

What does TVC stand for in economics?

TVC stands for Total Variable Cost. It is the aggregate of all costs that changes in relation to the cost incurred by a business for the total production done during a given period. Also read: How to Calculate Total Variable Cost.

For example, if it costs $60 to make one unit of your product and you’ve made 20 units, your total variable cost is $60 x 20, or $1,200. Variable costs earn the name because they can increase and decrease as you make more or less of your product. The more units you sell, the more money you’ll make, but some of this money will need to pay for the production of more units.

What Is Variable and Fixed Cost in Accounting?

If a company is in the services business, then direct labor is likely to be the largest component of its total variable cost. This is because billable hours comprise most of the cost of goods sold, along with the related costs of payroll taxes and employee benefits. QualityCraft manufacturing company spends a total cost of $20,000 to produce $5000 units of Smart LED in a month.

Fixed cost examples are expenses like rent, storage, and insurance fees. Variable costs examples are direct labor, materials, supplies, and energy used in the production process. Companies with a higher proportion of variable costs relative to fixed costs are considered less volatile, as their profits are more closely tied to the success of their sales. If the athletic company does not increase its output, it will not incur certain labor costs.


It’s significant to understand how much money will be spent based on demand and production ability. Still, it’s also vital to understand the most important cost so that a business owner can ensure they’re not breaking even on their expenses. As mentioned earlier, business costs consist of both fixed and variable costs depending on your work line, type of business, and industry. Variable expenses do not remain consistent if the output product changes. Fixed costs are different because they remain constant regardless of the output.

A common example of variable costs is operational expenses that may increase or decrease based on the business activity. A growing business may incur more operating costs such as the wages of part-time staff hired for specific projects or a rise in the cost of utilities – such as electricity, gas or water. If your company provides multiple products or services, you will have to calculate the total variable cost for each product and add them all together to get the total for the whole company.